Scoliosis 101

Posted by Shannon on Jun 19th 2023

JUNE 20, 2023

Scoliosis 101

Learn about scoliosis causes and treatments, including bracing treatment. Find out about the best way to protect skin against irritation from bracing treatment.

scoliosis; scoliosis treatment; scoliosis brace; back brace for scoliosis; idiopathic scoliosis; severe scoliosis; types of scoliosis; scoliosis causes

What is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a condition that causes an abnormal curvature in the spine that is usually detected in children between the ages of 10-15. Scoliosis affects 2-3% of the population, which is roughly 7 million people in the United States.

scoliosis; scoliosis treatment; scoliosis brace; back brace for scoliosis; idiopathic scoliosis; severe scoliosis; types of scoliosis; scoliosis causes

Causes of Scoliosis

Health care providers don’t know the causes are for the most common type of scoliosis, called idiopathic scoliosis, but most speculate that it is hereditary. Some other less common types of scoliosis include neuromuscular conditions, like cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy; birth defects; infant surgery on the chest wall; spinal injuries or infections; and spinal cord irregularities.

Who is Affected

Scoliosis affects males and females equally, but females with scoliosis are 8 times more likely to have a severe enough condition that it requires treatment. The condition most commonly develops at the time of a major growth spurt prior to puberty. However, in some cases it can be present at birth, or develop in early childhood, and even adulthood.


Treatment plans for scoliosis can vary depending on how old the patient is, how severe the condition is, and how likely the condition is to worsen over time. In some cases, a child or adolescent will require surgery to treat scoliosis. The surgery typically involves inserting metal rods next to the spine to help stabilize it. As the child grows, the rods will need to be lengthened. A far more common treatment, especially for those that are not done growing, is bracing.


Bracing treatment requires a patient to wear a back brace used to stop or slow the curvature of the spine and prevent it from getting worse. Braces are typically worn nearly 24 hours a day with the patient only removing them for showering. Other treatment plans may have patients only wearing their braces at night during sleep. Regardless of the treatment plan, one common complication is irritation and discomfort.

Combatting Irritation

Knit-Rite developed Torso Interfaces® in 1980 to help minimize this discomfort and provide improved skin protection for the patient. Since then, Knit-Rite has improved on the already comforting properties of torsos. Torso interfaces can be worn with all types of spinal orthoses and body jackets. A seamless finish and outstanding stretch allow for a comfortable fit and the machine-washable, latex-free material doesn’t irritate skin.

Products from ShopThuasne

Knit-Rite torsos are available in a full range of sizes, as well as two distinct fiber choices. CoolMax®/Lycra® is a premier moisture wicking fiber. The Ionic+®/Lycra® contains antimicrobial fibers and is especially helpful when skin rashes are noticeable. Both fibers help to keep the wearer cool, dry, and comfortable.  

** Sources: Mayo Clinic; Johns Hopkins Medicine; Carrell Clinic; American Association of Neurological Surgeons


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